Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that causes itchiness, dryness, rashes, scaly patches, blisters, and potentially, infection. Eczema can make the skin very sensitive and reactive, taking a physical and emotional toll on those who have it. Eczema is linked to an overactive immune system. Things that you come into contact with every day can trigger flare-ups for some people. Triggers include things like stress, temperature changes, and external allergens. Chemicals found in cleansers and detergents, and food allergies can also be factors. Eczema and dry skin may seem similar, but there are differences. Dry skin is more likely related to environmental factors like cold weather or low humidity. If a person experiences extreme itching for no apparent reason, it is more likely eczema. The main symptom of eczema is dry, rough, irritated skin that flares up repeatedly. Treatment of eczema begins with regular moisturizing and avoiding the triggers that can cause symptoms to return. The function of skin is to keep germs and allergens out while keeping moisture in. When there is an eczema flare-up, the first thing we want to do is calm down the body’s overreaction to outside allergens with an over-the-counter cortisone cream or a prescription-strength steroid cream. Antihistamines can help relieve itching, and an air purifier can help by removing airborne allergens. Eczema can lead to complications like sleep issues and skin infections, so it is important to address it properly and modify behavior to avoid flare-ups. Take steps to reduce stress, avoid taking very hot showers, and resist the urge to scratch! If you or a loved one is suffering with dry skin or eczema, the Pure Dermatology Cosmetic and Hair Center can help. We offer simple, but effective solutions based on science, innovation and wellness.